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[外语] 每天学英语 -- 滴水穿石

每天学英语 -- 滴水穿石

愚人节起源





Unlike most of the other nonfoolish holidays, the history of April Fool's Day, sometimes called All Fool's Day, is not totally clear. There really wasn't a "first April Fool's Day" that can be pinpointed on the calendar. Some believe it sort of evolved simultaneously in several cultures at the same time, from celebrations involving the first day of spring.

The closest point in time that can be identified as the beginning of this tradition was in 1582, in France. Prior to that year, the new year was celebrated for eight days, beginning on March 25. The celebration culminated on April 1. With the reform of the calendar under Charles IX, the Gregorian Calendar was introduced, and New Year's Day was moved to January 1.

However, communications being what they were in the days when news traveled by foot, many people did not receive the news for several years. Others, the more obstinate crowd, refused to accept the new calendar and continued to celebrate the new year on April 1. These backward folk were labeled as "fools" by the general populace. They were subject to some ridicule, and were often sent on "fools errands" or were made the butt of other practical jokes.

【中文大意】:每年四月一日,是西方的民间传统节日——愚人节(April Fool's Day),也称万愚节。对于它的起源众说纷纭。较普遍的说法是起源于法国。1564年,法国首先采用新改革的纪年法——格里历(即目前通用的阳历),以一月一日为一年的开端,改变了过去以四月一日作为新年开端的历法。新历法推行过程中,一些因循守旧的人反对这种改革仍沿袭旧历,拒绝更新。他们依旧在四月一日这天互赠礼物,组织庆祝新年的活动。主张改革的人对这些守旧者的做法大加嘲弄。聪明滑稽的人在四月一日这天给顽固派赠送假礼物,邀请他们参加假庆祝会,并把这些受愚弄的人称为“四月傻瓜”或“上钩之鱼”。以后,他们在这天互相愚弄,日久天长便成为法国流行的一种风

【小把戏】:
1. you could wear a black sweater and pull a piece of white thread through it, so that people try to pull it off. 把细线拴着的钱包丢在大街上,自己在暗处拉着线的另一端。一旦有人捡起钱包,他们就出其不意地猛然把钱包拽走。
2. change the time on someone’s alarm clock so that they’re late for work. 调整了某人的闹钟,这样他们就上班迟到了。
3. glue a coin to the floor and see how many people try to pick it up.在地板上画一个硬币,看看有多少人想捡起它。

【愚人节聊天用语】:
1. What are some tricks people play on April Fool's Day? 在愚人节人们都开什么玩笑?
2. What is the background of this day? 愚人节的背景是什么?
3. Do you have the same tradition in your country? 你的国家李有类似的传统吗?
4. Do you play tricks on April 1st? 你在四月一日恶作剧吗?
5. What sort of tricks do you play? 你会做出哪种类型的恶作剧?
6. Have you ever tried fooling your family on April Fool's Day? 你曾经试过在愚人节的时候愚弄过你的家人吗?
7. Do you always look forward to April Fool's Day? 你总是盼望着愚人节的到来吗?

【愚人节名人名言】:
1. It's better to keep your mouth shut and be thought a fool than to open it and leave no doubt. --Mark Twain
2. However big the fool, there is always a bigger fool to admire him. -- Nicolas Boileau-Desprux
3. [Politicians] never open their mouths without subtracting from the sum of human knowledge. -- Thomas Reed
4. He who lives without folly isn't so wise as he thinks. -- Fran鏾is, Duc de La Rochefoucauld
5. The ultimate result of shielding men from the effects of folly, is to fill the world with fools. -- Herbert Spencer
6. Sometimes one likes foolish people for their folly, better than wise people for their wisdom. -- Elizabeth Gaskell
7. Looking foolish does the spirit good. -- John Updike
8. Let us be thankful for the fools. But for them the rest of us could not succeed. -- Mark Twain
9. A fool sees not the same tree that a wise man sees. -- William Blake
10. A fool must now and then be right by chance. -- Cowper
11. It is better to be a fool than to be dead. -- Stevenson
12. The first of April is the day we remember what we are the other 364 days of the year. -- Mark Twain

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